Emergency Handout

Protecting Yourself During a Volcanic Eruption

Alor Dive will offer you some first information of what to do during a volcanic eruption.

You can do many things to protect yourself and your family/friends/colleagues from the dangers a volcanic eruption can cause. The best way to do protect yourself and your family/friends/colleagues is to follow the advice of local officials. Local authorities will provide you with information on how to prepare for a volcanic eruption, and if necessary, on how to evacuate (leave the area) or take shelter where you are.

If you are indoors:
  • Close all windows, doors, and fireplace or woodstove dampers.
  • Turn off all fans and heating and air conditioning systems.
  • Bring pets and livestock into closed shelters.
If you are outdoors:
  • Seek shelter indoors.
  • If caught in a rockfall, roll into a ball to protect your head.
  • If near a stream or river, be aware of rising water and possible mudflows in low-lying areas. Move up-slope as quickly as possible.
  • Seek care for burns right away. Immediate care can be life saving.
  • If your eyes, nose, and throat become irritated from volcanic gases and fumes, move away from the area immediately. Your symptoms should go away when you are no longer in contact with the gases or fumes. If the symptoms continue, consult your doctor.
  • Protecting yourself during ashfall
  • Stay inside, if possible, with windows and doors closed.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Use goggles to protect your eyes.
Exposure to ash can harm your health, particularly the breathing tract!

To protect yourself while you are outdoors or while you are cleaning up ash that has gotten indoors, use an N-95 disposable respirator (also known as an “air purifying respirator”). N-95 respirators can be purchased at businesses such as hardware stores. It is important to follow directions for proper use of this respirator.

If you don’t have an N-95 respirator, you can protect yourself by using a nuisance dust mask as a last resort, but you should stay outdoors for only short periods while dust is falling. Nuisance dust masks can provide comfort and relief from exposure to relatively non-hazardous contaminants such as pollen, but they do not offer as much protection as an N-95 respirator.

Other Precautions:
  • Keep your car or truck engine switched off.
  • Avoid driving in heavy ashfall. Driving will stir up ash that can clog
    engines and stall vehicles.
  • If you do have to drive, keep the car windows up and do not operate the air conditioning system. Operating the air conditioning system will bring in outside air and ash.
Please be sure, we will assist you!

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